Advertisement Ajuga ‘Black Scallop’ has evergreen, nearly black leaves. How to Kill Bugleweed. The leaves are both basal and stem. Prior, writing in the seventeenth century, tells us: 'It is put in drinkes for woundes and that is the cause why some doe commonly say that he that hath Bugle and Sanicle will scarce vouchsafe the chirugeon a bugle.' Water thoroughly after replanting. The ovary is superior and the fruit is a schizocarp with four chambers. Bugle (Ajuga reptans) is a native wild flower most often cultivated in its coloured-leaf forms, 'Burgundy Glow' or the larger 'Caitlin's Giant'. Ajuga reptans is also a component of purple moor grass and rush pastures, a Biodiversity Action Plan habitat in the United Kingdom. The upper lip is very short and the lower three-cleft. The stolons root at the nodes where the leaves form. It is so tough that it can even grow under black walnut trees (Juglans nigra), which produces a chemical that discourages most plants. Below: Flowers of the mint family form in a whorl-like arrangement around the upper part of the stem. The chemical action was said to be similar to digitalis in that it lowered the pulse. There are 4 stamens, arranged in unequal length pairs, with yellow anthers. Foliage color is most vibrant when the plant receives at least three to four hours of sunlight daily. It does well planted beneath shrubs and in containers, as long as the soil or compost doesn’t dry out. The outer calyx of the flower is green, hairy, with 5 teeth. It grows from a fibrous root system with a crown. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Bugleweed, common bugleweed, ajuga, carpet bugle, blue bugle, carpetweed, carpenter's herb, 6 to 9 inches tall and 6 to 12 inches wide, Europe, northern Africa, southwestern Asia. It has sometimes escaped and is known to have naturalized in most of the eastern half of North America. It was a popular ingredient in herbal remedies, particularly for stopping bleeding. Each verticillaster of the raceme is subtended by leafy bracts which take on a bluish to brownish color when the flowers are blue but remain green when the flowers are white. , Bugle is also known as "carpenter's herb" for its supposed ability to stem bleeding. Start bugleweed seed indoors in pots filled with a seed-starter mix. Beneficial insects, Does not attract Common Bugle is a mostly erect introduced perennial forb, growing 4 to 12 inches high on square stems that are smooth on two sides and have fine hair on the other two sides. Livestock, No reported toxicity to Water whenever the top 1 to 2 inches of soil become dry. After fertilization, small blackish seeds are formed, but many of the ovules do not mature. In its action, it rather resembles digitalis, lowering the pulse and lessening its frequency, it allays irritation and cough, and equalizes the circulation and has been termed 'one of the mildest and best narcotics in the world.' Ajuga reptans is commonly known as bugle, blue bugle, bugleherb, bugleweed, carpetweed, carpet bugleweed, and common bugle, and traditionally but less commonly as St. Lawrence plant. For best results grow Ajuga ‘Black Scallop’ in moist but well-drained soil in partial to full shade.